The UN General Assembly has stopped in need of calling for a world arms embargo towards Myanmar’s navy, even because it took the uncommon step of urging member states to “prevent the flow of arms” into the violence-wracked nation following the February 1 coup.
The decision condemning the coup additionally calls for that the navy “immediately stop all violence against peaceful demonstrators.”
It was authorised on Friday by 119 nations, with 36 abstaining together with China, Myanmar’s most important ally. Only one nation, Belarus, voted towards it. It was sponsored by 50 nations.
“We must advocate for the protection of all fundamental human rights, including freedom of expression, access to information and peaceful assembly which have been repeatedly infringed upon by the military in Myanmar,” Turkey’s Volkan Bozkir, president of the 75th UN General Assembly mentioned in a press release.
At the assembly, UN particular envoy on Myanmar Christine Schraner Burgener additionally warned the 193-member physique that “the risk of a large-scale civil war is real” within the nation.
“Time is of the essence. The opportunity to reverse the military takeover is narrowing,” Schraner Burgener mentioned after the General Assembly adopted the non-binding decision.
Hundreds of 1000’s of refugees are at the moment fleeing from violence within the nation following clashes between the navy and ethnic teams.
The vote got here on the identical day that the Security Council was holding casual talks on the scenario within the Southeast Asian nation, the place the navy deposed civilian chief Aung San Suu Kyi in February.
The decision was not handed by consensus, as had been hoped, however fairly by way of a vote, forcing all 193 UN nations to disclose their views.
In a quirk of historical past, Myanmar’s envoy to the world physique, Kyaw Moe Tun, voted in favour of the textual content. He has passionately rejected the coup and brushed apart the navy’s claims that he now not represents Myanmar. The United Nations nonetheless considers him because the rightful envoy.
After the vote, the diplomat voiced remorse that it had taken three months for the Assembly to undertake the decision and that it was no more specific about an arms embargo.
“The military is still operating in its own twisted reality,” whereas ignoring calls to halt the violence, ” he mentioned.
“The people inside and outside the country are determined to stop the illegal military rule and to restore democracy.”
Among the nations that abstained had been Russia, Mali – the place a second navy coup in lower than a yr not too long ago passed off, Iran, Egypt, Brunei, Cambodia, Laos and Thailand.
The UN General Assembly very hardly ever adopts resolutions condemning navy coups or calling for limits on the arms equipped to the goal nation.
“It is the broadest and most universal condemnation of the situation in Myanmar to date,” mentioned Olof Skoog, the European Union’s ambassador to the UN.
“The EU is proud of the resolution just adopted by the UN General Assembly. It sends a strong and powerful message. It delegitimises the military junta, condemns its abuse and violence against its own people and demonstrates its isolation in the eyes of the world,” he mentioned.
In a press release, Amnesty International mentioned that the subsequent step for the UN is for the Security Council to make decision obligatory by imposing a complete world arms embargo.
“It is a helpful sign that 11 of the 15 members of the Security Council voted in support of this resolution. China and Russia, having abstained on the vote to adopt this resolution, should also now refrain from obstructing the will of the international community by vetoing a Security Council resolution to impose a comprehensive global arms embargo on Myanmar.”
The decision additionally requires a restoration of democracy in Myanmar, and the discharge of all detained civilian leaders.
“We absolutely must create the conditions for democracy to be reinstated,” mentioned UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres earlier than the vote on the decision, hoping for a “very clear message” from the General Assembly.
‘Do the obvious’
It asks for the implementation of a five-point plan drafted by ASEAN in April together with the naming of an envoy from the bloc.
The textual content additionally calls on the navy to permit the UN’s consultant, Burgener, to go to the nation, and for secure passage of humanitarian help.
Burgener briefed the Security Council throughout its closed-door assembly on Myanmar on Friday. No joint assertion was adopted at that assembly due to persistent divisions between its members, diplomats instructed AFP.
We should elevate our voices for individuals who have been silenced. We should advocate for the safety of all basic human rights, together with freedom of expression, entry to data & peaceable meeting which have been repeatedly infringed upon by the navy in #Myanmar. pic.twitter.com/vbpSbjNo9A
— UN GA President (@UN_PGA) June 18, 2021
The Assembly decision “calls on UN member states to do the obvious: stop providing weapons to Myanmar,” mentioned Human Rights Watch.
“Months of atrocities and grave human rights abuses by the junta’s security forces have shown time and again why no government should be sending them a single bullet. The UN Security Council should now step up and pass its own resolution imposing a global arms embargo on Myanmar,” mentioned Louis Charbonneau, UN director at HRW.
The decision is a chance “to show that the world stands with the people of Myanmar, and not the military” who “committed horrific acts of violence against ordinary civilians,” mentioned British Ambassador to the UN Barbara Woodward.
More than 860 civilians have been killed in Myanmar because the coup, in response to the UN and the Association for the Assistance of Political Prisoners (AAPP).
On Friday, two folks had been killed when a navy truck exploded in considered one of two blasts near an workplace of an army-backed political social gathering within the nation’s greatest metropolis, Yangon. Local media reported, and a senior rescue official mentioned six different folks had been wounded.
There had been additionally reviews of an infinite fireplace in Monywa, the most important metropolis within the Sagaing area, though the reason for the incident was not instantly decided.
#June18Coup Monywa, Sagaing
— Shafiur Rahman (@shafiur) June 18, 2021